MG16 Preliminary List of Topics

AC1



Sergey Moiseenko
MHD processes near compact objects
(Sergey Moiseenko)

The topic of the parallel session includes different processes in strong gravitational fields, where a magnetic field and plasma properties play an important, and even decisive role. It includes magneto-rotational processes in supernova and supernova remnants, gamma-ray bursts and jets; processes which take place near pulsars, magnetorotational instability; structure and dynamics of accretion disks inside the ergosphere, and close to the last stable orbit of the Kerr black hole, gravitation lensing in plasma, etc.
AC2



Audrey Trova


Shokoufe Faraji
Accretion discs and jets
(Audrey Trova - Shokoufe Faraji)

Accretion disks are the systems that most closely approach compact objects and are ideal systems to explore the non-linear and strong gravity regime. The guiding theme of this parallel session is expected, but are not limited to: theoretical and numerical modelling of accretion process in the strong gravitational field and related phenomena, relativistic turbulence and viscosity, accretion disks and jets, the evolution of accretion disks, and modelling of accretion disks in various gravity theories.
AG1



Brian Punsly


Jorge Rueda
On the nature of Black Hole in M87
(Brian Punsly - Jorge Rueda)

AG2



Rahim Moradi


Yu Wang
Machine learning in Astronomy: AGN, transient events, cosmology and others
(Rahim Moradi - Yu Wang)

In recent years, machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL) have become increasingly popular in astronomy and astrophysics. The advancements of observational detectors have led to the immense growth of astronomical data. The richness of the data has brought new opportunities for scientific discoveries, where astronomers develop intelligent tools and interfaces to deal with data sets and extract novel information. DL/ML aims to seek and recognize, by the optimization procedure, all available common characteristics and patterns in data, which helps in turn to accelerate the simulation, to promote the observation and to infer the physics. The ML/DL have been widely used for a variety of tasks, including classification of galaxies, evaluation of redshift, stellar atmospheric parameters estimation, large-scale structure and dark matter simulation, reionization sources identification, transient sources detection, gravitational lensing discrimination and cosmic microwave background inpainting.
AG3



Narek Sahakyan
Multiwavelength and Multi-Messenger Observations of Active Galactic Nuclei
(Narek Sahakyan)

AT1



Yi-Fu Cai
Extended Theories of Gravity and Quantum Cosmology
(Yi-Fu Cai)

The current understanding of gravitation is based on Albert Einstein's classical theory of General Relativity. While the study of gravitational waves in recent years have brought tremendous success to the classical General Relativity, this description is incomplete when describing several phenomena such as the singularity and event horizon of a black hole, the origin of the universe, fundamental understanding of dark energy, etc. Facing those conceptual issues in our universe, there is an increasing demand for the study on extended theories of gravity and quantum cosmology. In this parallel session, we invite researchers to pay attention to the aforementioned issues and welcome oral talks to report their progress on the latest study.
AT2



A. Shadi Tahvildar-Zadeh


Michael Kiessling
Mathematical Problems of Relativistic Physics: Classical and Quantum
(A. Shadi Tahvildar-Zadeh - Michael Kiessling)

We will survey recent advances in mathematical analysis of relativistic and semi-relativistic phenomena, including:
1. Joint classical and quantum evolution of charged point particles and fields in special and general relativity;
2. Dirac's equation on electromagnetic background spacetimes;
3. Schroedinger-Newton equation and bosonic stars;
4. Interacting photon-electron systems in Dirac's multi-time formalism;
5. The ground state of Positronium as an ultralight spin-zero boson and its application to the dark matter puzzle;
6. Divison-algebraic underpinnings of the Standard Model of Elementary Particles.
AT3



Francisco S.N. Lobo


Diego Rubiera-Garcia
Wormholes, Energy Conditions and Time Machines
(Francisco S.N. Lobo - Diego Rubiera-Garcia)

The General Theory of Relativity has been an extremely successful theory, with a well established experimental footing, at least for weak gravitational fields. Its predictions range from the existence of black holes, gravitational radiation to the cosmological models, predicting a primordial beginning, namely the big-bang. All these solutions have been obtained by first considering a plausible distribution of matter, and through the Einstein field equation, the spacetime metric of the geometry is determined. However, one may solve the Einstein field equation in the reverse direction, namely, one first considers an interesting and exotic spacetime metric, then finds the matter source responsible for the respective geometry. In this manner, it was found that some of these solutions possess a peculiar property, namely 'exotic matter,' involving a stress-energy tensor that violates the null energy condition. These geometries also allow closed timelike curves, with the respective causality violations. These solutions are primarily useful as 'gedanken-experiments' and as a theoretician's probe of the foundations of general relativity, and include traversable wormholes and superluminal 'warp drive' spacetimes. In this parallel session, in addition to extensively exploring interesting features, in particular, the physical properties and characteristics of these 'exotic spacetimes,' we also explore other non-trivial general relativistic geometries that generate closed timelike curves.
AT4



Stefano Bellucci


Orlando Luongo
Theories of gravity: alternatives to the cosmological and particle standard models
(Stefano Bellucci - Orlando Luongo)

In the standard model of cosmology, the ΛCDM model based on Einstein's General Relativity, dark energy is introduced completely ad hoc in order to explain the present acceleration of the universe. The model requires also the introduction of dark matter dominating (by far) ordinary baryonic matter but yet undetected in the laboratory, and it suffers from astrophysical problems. Modifying gravity is a possible alternative, and many such proposals have been presented in recent years. Likewise, the standard model of particle physics is unable to incorporate all the current particle phenomenology and proposed dark matter candidates.
Cosmology and particle physics come together in the early universe and, surprisingly, also in theories and models of the present, accelerating universe. This session is formulated in a wide framework to include several topics related to these problems, and spanning alternative theories of gravity and cosmology, alternatives to the ΛCDM model, quantum field theory applied to gravity, extensions of the standard model of particle physics, and dark energy and dark matter from a particle physics point of view. This session represents the interplay between, and the efforts to match, particle physics and cosmology, giving particular emphasis to the role played by particle quantum field theory in the early and the late universe.
AT5



Reinoud Jan Slagter
Conformal Dilaton Gravity
(Reinoud Jan Slagter)

In the vicinity of the horizon of a black hole, curvature will be huge, so quantum effects will become important. Many attempts were made to construct a renormalizable and unitary quantum gravity model. For example, the effective field theory, where one ignores what is going on at high energy, or modified gravity models, where one loses unitarity. Further, just as in the Standard Model, one needs gauge-fixing terms as well as ghost fields. There is, however, a promising route to tackle these problems arising in quantum gravity. This model, conformal dilaton gravity, was initiated by 't Hooft. It is conjectured that conformal invariance is an exact symmetry and spontaneously broken, comparable with the Higgs mechanism. One writes the spacetime as, where is the dilaton field, to be handled on an equal footing as the Higgs field and the “un-physical” spacetime. In constructing an effective action, one then first integrate over and afterwards over matter fields and . To overcome unitarily problems, the ingoing observer and the outside observers experience different, i. e., scales at which quantum effects becomes important. In fact, the dilaton is locally unobservable. It is fixed when one chooses the global spacetime and coordinate system. The complementarity of the Hawking radiation on the black hole spacetime, can be reformulated in connection with the information paradox. Other question that will come up for discussion: How will particles transmit the information they carry when crossing the horizon? Are theypure states or mixed states? What are the microstates of a black hole? Is there no inside by an antipodal map? In this parallel session, all the issues mentioned above can be presented.
AT6



Anzhong Wang
Horava-Lifshitz Gravity
(Anzhong Wang)

This section will focus on classical and quantum aspects of Horava-Lifshitz gravity and some related gravitational theories, such as Einstein-aether theory and khronometric gravity, as well as their applications to cosmology and astrophysics.
AT7



Dmitry Gal'tsov


Michael Volkov
Ghost-free models of modified gravity: massive gravity, Horndeski and DHOST theories, other related models; their properties and solutions
(Dmitry Gal'tsov - Michael Volkov)

This section will focus on theoretical aspects of various models of modified gravity which are free from unphysical ghostly degrees of freedom with a negative norm. The well known examples are the theories of ghost-free massive gravity and bigravity, which are free from the Boulware-Deser ghost. Related to them are the Galileon models and, more generally, Horndeski and DHOST theories free from the Ostrogradsky ghost. Other examples are provided by the theory of non-local gravity, etc. All of these theories are interesting from the purely theoretical viewpoint and may provide a description of the Dark Energy and/or Dark Matter. Their various aspects may be discussed, as for example their Hamiltonian formulation and constraints; the causal structure and Cauchy problem; disformal dualities and solutions - cosmologies, black holes, ultracompact objects; observational constraints; quantum aspects; etc.
BH1



Alexander Zakharov
Theoretical and observational studies of astrophysical black holes
(Alexander Zakharov)

The session is devoted to theoretical and observational studies of astrophysical black holes. The session will include discussions of theoretical models for black hole solutions existing in GR and in alternative theories of gravity. Strong gravity effects and opportunities to test theoretical predictions with current and future observational facilities such as Keck, VLT(GRAVITY), The Event Horizon Telescope, JWST, E-ELT and TMT will be discussed. The main goal of the session is to establish an effective interaction between observers and theorists working in black hole astrophysics to test GR in a strong gravitational field limit and constrain alternative theories of gravity with current and future observations of astrophysical black holes.
BH2



Hernando Quevedo
Black hole thermodynamics
(Hernando Quevedo)

This parallel session will be devoted to physical and mathematical aspects of black hole thermodynamics. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to, different definitions of entropy, fundamental equations, thermodynamic laws and variables, phase transitions, extended phase space, stability properties, and critical coefficients of black holes in any dimension. The session will cover also the development and application of different analytical and geometric methods in the study of black hole thermodynamics.
BH3



Jutta Kunz
Black Holes in alternative theories of gravity
(Jutta Kunz)

Black holes are excellent probes to study strong gravitational fields and thus to test Einstein's theory of general relativity and its contenders by comparing their predictions with observations. Alternative theories of gravity may lead to distinctive features for black holes, which include their multipoles, quasi-normal modes or shadows.
BH4



Grant Mathews
Exploring the Black Hole Mass Gap
(Grant Mathews)

The pair instability supernova in massive is believed to preclude the formation of black holes in the range of 50-120 solar masses. Nevertheless, recent detections suggest the existence of black holes with masses well inside the "mass gap". A flurry of ideas have emerged to explain the existence of black holes in the mass gap. This session will include talks summarizing various approaches to this dilemma.
BH5Self similarities and power laws in Black Holes
BH6The blackholic quantum
BN1



Chris Belczynski


Jorge Rueda
Explosive events associated with compact-object binary mergers
(Chris Belczynski - Jorge Rueda)

Double compact object mergers involve the densest objects in Universe; neutron stars (NS) and black holes (BH). Their electromagnetic (EM) radiation is routinely observed in short gamma-ray bursts, in the X-rays, as well as in the optical/IR via their associated kilonovas. Recently, BH-BH/BH-NS/NS-NS mergers are also routinely detected in gravitational-waves by LIGO/Virgo.
This session will be dedicated to any phenomena that may produce observable, either EM or non-EM, signals to merging (in any configurations) neutron stars and black holes. Along standard mechanisms (like ones operating in short gamma-ray bursts or kilonovas), we encourage discussion of other challenging and/or exotic proposals for detection of these sources by other not-yet-considered means, including possible future observational missions able to detect them.
Additional related questions are encouraged to be discussed in this session. Do BH-BH mergers produce any EM counterparts? Is this population of BH-BH merging binaries compatible with our previously gained astrophysical knowledge? Are BH-NS mergers expected to be accompanied by kilonovas? Have we observed any BH-NS merger in short gamma-ray bursts? Do we have any chance to detect neutrinos from NS-NS/BH-NS mergers? What are formation sites of compact object merging binaries?
BN2



Johannes Bluemlein
Post-Newtonian and post-Minkowskian corrections for binary gravitating systems
(Johannes Bluemlein)

Recent developments on analytic results in the field of the post-Newtonian and post-Minkowskian corrections for binary gravitating systems without spin are reviewed. They are of importance in the further refined understanding of gravitational wave signals in the inspiraling phase.
BN3



Vladimir Lipunov
Multichannel studies of nonstationary relativistic stars
(Vladimir Lipunov)

This session will focus on multimessenger observations and predictions of catastrophic events near relativistic stars: neutron stars, stellar and supermassive black holes. We will talk about new multichannel operational observations and models in which new sciences are born - gravitational-wave astronomy (mergers of neutron stars and black holes), extragalactic neutrino astronomy (blazars and high-energy neutrinos), transient radio astronomy (Magnetars, Fast Radio Bursts, Soft Gamma Repeaters) and so on.
BS1



Alfredo Macias


Carlos Herdeiro
Scalar fields in cosmology
(Alfredo Macias - Carlos Herdeiro)

In the last years, the scalar field is becoming an interesting field of study in Cosmology and Astrophysics. It appears in the formulation of many phenomena in gravitational theories. Scalar fields occur throughout physics, as spin--zero quantum fields. A scalar field is always present in the context of Dirac's large number hypothesis and also in all unified field theories; it appears as a possible type of matter, i.e., as dilatons and as inflatons in the early periods of the Universe, as a candidate to describe the dark matter nature, and as a possible Bose-Einstein condensates. The purpose of this session is to discuss different bosonic systems, scalar fields, appearing in Cosmology and Astrophysics.
CM1



Carlo Burigana
Cosmic Backgrounds from radio to far-IR
(Carlo Burigana)

This parallel session will focus on the interpretation and perspectives for cosmology and astrophysics coming from cosmic backgrounds from radio to far-IR, both in temperature and in polarization.
The latest results from the Planck mission have been recently presented, while new sub-orbital experiments are investigating CMB polarization anisotropies and searching for primordial gravitational waves, and future CMB missions of different scales are foreseen or under study. The sub-mm / far-IR domain, crucial for high-frequency foreground mitigation, allows to study a number of astrophysical cosmology topics, including the early stages of star and galaxy formation. In parallel, on-going and future radio projects promise to shed light on the dawn age and on the reionization epoch and to provide 3D images of the Universe's evolution.
The authors of both invited and contributed talks are encouraged to underline the connection between astrophysical and cosmological results.
CM2



Jens Chluba


Andrea Ravenni
New Horizons in Cosmology with CMB Spectral Distortions
(Jens Chluba - Andrea Ravenni)

The study of cosmic microwave background (CMB) has revolutionized Cosmology as a whole, granting us a fine and quantitative understanding of how our Universe works. In the upcoming years, precision spectroscopy, possible with existing technology, can give us access to a new dimension in CMB studies. Measurements of the small departures of the CMB energy spectrum from a perfect black-body - called CMB spectral distortions (SD) - will further our understanding of recombination, reionization and structure formation as well as dark matter and particle physics. This session is meant to trace a path from the experimental prospect to new theoretical investigations that can make the most of precise SD measurements, bringing together experts in theory and observation. From the experimental point of view we aim at providing an overview of the observational projects that are currently being discussed - ranging from ground to lunar and to space ones - alongside a discussion about the challenges that will have to be faced and how to best address them. From the theoretical point of view the program will include review talks on the state-of-the art of SD science, with special attention to new directions that could provide the starting point for new studies.
CM3



Joan Solà Peracaula


Adrià Gómez-Valent
Status of the H_0 and sigma_8 tensions: theoretical models and model-independent constraints
(Joan Solà Peracaula - Adrià Gómez-Valent)

This session will be devoted to study the ability of the LCDM model (the "concordance model" of cosmology) to describe the modern cosmological observations and compare with model-independent analyses as well as with a variety of alternative theoretical frameworks which have been proposed to describe the same set of observations. Among the hot subjects that should be discussed in this session we have e.g.
i) The discordant measurements between the Hubble parameter determination from CMB data (under the assumption of the LCDM) and the (cosmology-independent) distance ladder determinations. Also the time-delay measurements from strongly lensed quasars and their current status;
ii) The long standing mismatch between the background and structure formation data, in particular the sigma_8 and S_8 tensions, both being quantities whose values in the LCDM are predicted to be larger than what is needed to improve the adjustment of the structure formation data obtained from galaxy clustering and weak lensing surveys;
iii) Possible solutions to the aforesaid tensions coming from theoretical models of different kinds; and
iv) The need to analyze data in a model independent way.
Discussions are also necessary concerning possible unaccounted systematic effects in the data.
CM4 Effects of primordial perturbations enhancement: from black holes formation to CMB anomalies
(Antonio Enea Romano)

There are several important phenomena associated to the enhancement of primordial perturbation, such as the production of primordial black holes (PBH), or local modifications of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) spectrum. General model independent considerations allow to determine that there exist two main mechanisms which can lead to the enhancement: a temporary violation of the slow-roll conditions during inflation, or the presence of large primordial non adiabatic or anisotropic perturbations. Motivated by the recent detection of gravitational waves several different models have been developed in order to realize these two mechanisms, such as single scalar field models with features of the potential, multi-fields models producing large non adiabatic perturbations or modified gravity theories. In this section we will focus on the different theoretical scenarios proposed to produce the perturbations enhancement, on its observational effects on PBHs and CMB, and on the advantages of adopting a model independent approach based on the use of a momentum effective sound speed (MESS). In the context of PBHs special attention will be devoted to the numerical simulations of the PBHs formation, and to the effects of the shape of the peaks of perturbations.
CM5



Jón Gudmundsson
Advances in CMB observations
(Jón Gudmundsson)

Current and next-generation experiments mapping the cosmic microwave background (CMB) are designed to improve our understanding of the infant universe, the standard model of particle physics, structure formation, and the nature of dark matter. In this session, we will focus on recent results from these experiments and discuss upcoming efforts and the challenges that they face.
CS1



Reinoud Jan Slagter


Batool Imtiaz
Cosmic Strings
(Reinoud Jan Slagter - Batool Imtiaz)

Cosmic strings (CS's) are topological defects formed at the GUT symmetry breaking scale in the Einstein-U(1) scalar- gauge field model. This model shows a surprising resemblance with superconductivity and the relativistic Nielsen-Olesen quantized magnetic flux vortex solution. In the standard model of particle physics this scalar-gauge field is responsible for the spontaneously broken symmetry (Higgs mechanism). So one could say that this quantum field with the Mexican hat potential has lived up to its reputation. In cosmological context, the confined regions of the false vacuum of the scalar field form a locus of trapped energy, i.e., a CS. The mass and dimension of a CS is largely determined by the energy scale at which the phase transition takes place.
It is believed that in the FLRW model a scale-invariant cosmic string-network is formed. Observational bounds, however, predict a negligible contribution of CS's to large-scale inhomogeneities such as the angular distribution in the CMB radiation. A renewed interest occurred when it was realized that CS's could be produced within the framework of superstring theory inspired cosmological models, i.e., brane-world models. Supersymmetric GUT's can even demand the existence of CS. These super-massive CS's could be produced when the universe underwent phase transitions at energies much higher than the GUT scale, so their gravitational impact increases. Although evidence of CS are not yet found, new observational windows are opened by these super-massive CS's.
In this parallel session one can present cosmic string-related subjects, such as observational results on CS, gravitational waves and CS, vortex solutions and GRT, cosmic strings and higher dimensional models.
CS2



Carlos Martins


Ivan Rybak
From cosmic strings to superstrings
(Carlos Martins - Ivan Rybak)

Cosmic strings arise naturally in many proposed theories of new physics beyond the standard model, including superstring inspired inflation models. In the latter case, fundamental superstrings may have stretched to macroscopic scales, known as cosmic superstrings. If observed, these objects provide a unique window into the early universe. Recent observational progress highlights how some of these scenarios could be constrained, but they also show a bottleneck in the lack of accurate high-resolution network simulations that can be used as templates for robust statistical analysis. Additionally, most numerical simulations and analytic modeling so far are for the simplest cosmic strings, while realistic ones might have nontrivial internal structure, implying that current constraints are unreliable for these scenarios. This session will discuss recent progress in numerical simulations and analytic modeling, with a view to obtaining a more reliable assessment of the cosmological roles of these networks.
DE1



Alexei Starobinsky


David Polarski
Dark Energy and the accelerating universe
(Alexei Starobinsky - David Polarski)

This parallel session will be devoted to the study of the nature and the physical properties of Dark Energy producing the observed accelerated expansion of the present Universe. It will cover the phenomenological reconstruction of dark energy properties from observations, as well as consideration of a wide variety of theoretical models and approaches aimed to explain existing observational data, including modified gravity models, interacting dark energy and other extensions.
DE2



Claudio Grillo


Mimoza Hafizi
Cosmography with Gravitational Lensing
(Claudio Grillo - Mimoza Hafizi)

DM1



Nikolaos Mavromatos
Interacting Dark matter
(Nikolaos Mavromatos)

The session is devoted to the physics of all possible aspects of interacting dark matter, including self interactions of dark matter and their cosmological consequences, or interactions of dark matter with ordinary matter and their consequences. Various types of dark matter in various models, including supersymmetry, are considered. Dark matter searches also constitute part of the session's subject.
DM2



Hong-Jian He


Qian Yue


Qiang Yuan
Dark matter detection
(Hong-Jian He - Qian Yue - Qiang Yuan)

Dark matter detection has been an exciting frontier over the past twenty years. Particle physicists and astrophysicists are probing wide mass ranges to hunt for different dark matter (DM) candidates. In this parallel session, the speakers are welcome to present the experimental and theoretical works on both direct and indirect DM detection as well as the collider detection of DM, including such as WIMP candidates and beyond.
DM3



Marco Merafina
Self Gravitating Systems and Dark Matter
(Marco Merafina)

This session is devoted to the presentation and discussion of new theoretical results regarding the analysis of the properties of the galactic halos from the gravitational point of view in connection with the dark matter particle mass problem. Exotic hypotheses including axions or particles with strangeness are also taken into account.
DM4



Soroush Shakeri


She-Sheng Xue
Dark Matter Searches with Liquid Xenon and Argon Detectors
(Soroush Shakeri - She-Sheng Xue)

The evidence for the existence of dark matter (DM) which makes up 85% of the matter in the universe, is implied from various astrophysical and cosmological observations, but the fundamental nature of DM remains one of the foremost open questions in physics. Research into the direct detection of DM particles has revealed a vast numbers of theoretical and experimental efforts so far. Among different detection methods, DM searches based on nuclear and electronic recoil using Liquid Xenon (LXe) and Liquid Argon (LAr) have great discovery potential and continue to play a major role in the field.
In this session, we will discuss possible signatures of different sub-Gev dark matter candidates within current and future LXe/LAr detectors.We welcome presentations of recent results, ongoing efforts and theoretical attempts in the next generation of XENON detectors such as XENONnT, LZ, PandaX-II and Darwin, and also upcoming Argon detectors such as ArDM, DarkSide-50, DEAP-3600, and MiniCLEAN. We are open to accept talks about the XENON1T new observation on low-energy excess in electronic recoils and possible requirement for further confirmation with more precise future instruments. Both contributions on experimental and theoretical efforts are also welcome.
DM5



Carlos Argüelles


Andreas Krut
Dark Matter: Astrophysics & Cosmology
(Carlos Argüelles - Andreas Krut)

This parallel session is devoted to the implications on dark matter in astrophysics and cosmology. It includes the topics of linear and non-linear structure formation; DM halo models (N_body simulations, self-gravitating systems and maximum entropy production); and phenomenology on galaxy rotation curves, gravitational lensing, and stellar strems, as the topics of main interest.
DM6



Rita Bernabei


Zurab Berezhiani
Dark Matter and rare processes
(Rita Bernabei - Zurab Berezhiani)

DM7



Asghar Qadir


Francesco De Paolis
The nature of galactic halos
(Asghar Qadir - Francesco De Paolis)

By the rotation curves of spiral galaxies, the X-ray emission of ellipticals and the dynamics of the galaxy clusters, we know that there is much more matter in the outer reaches of these systems than is accounted for by visible matter, including gas and dust. Even this is confirmed by the primordial nucleosynthesis and CMB observations, we also know that there is much more baryonic matter than that accounted for in the above forms. This is the so-called "missing baryon problem". It is important, then, to accurately determine the content and nature of the galactic halos and try to "see" the halos by alternate means. That will be the purpose of this session.
ED1



David Blair


Matteo Luca Ruggiero
Teaching Einsteinian Physics to School Students
(David Blair - Matteo Luca Ruggiero)

This workshop will address all aspects of education and public outreach associated with relativistic astrophysics and associated Einsteinian physics, including the modernisation of school curricula to incorporate modern concepts of spacetime, relativity, quantum physics, the standard model, cosmology, black holes and gravitational waves.
ES1



Georgy Alekseev


Fabio Briscese
Exact Solutions in Four and Higher Dimensions
(Georgy Alekseev - Fabio Briscese)

This Parallel Session will be devoted to a variety of mathematical methods, associated mathematical structures and other mathematical aspects of the analysis of Einstein's field equations, constructing exact solutions and development of various solution generating techniques, interrelations of different approaches, classifications of solutions, studies of the structures and geometrical properties of particular solutions and classes of solutions in General Relativity as well as in various gravity, string gravity and supergravity models in four and higher dimensions.
ES2



Susan Scott
Exact Solutions (including higher dimensions)
(Susan Scott)

In this session we will consider physical aspects of exact solutions of Einstein's equation and higher dimensional theories. This will include all issues related to the global structure of these solutions, the physical interpretation of the solutions and the analysis of their physical properties including symmetries and singularity structure.
EU1



Andrei Lebed
Quantum Fields
(Andrei Lebed)

This session is dedicated to the all aspects of the theory of quantum fields. Special interest we will pay to the quantum fields in curved space-time and to any results having applications in General Relativity.
EU2



Spiros Cotsakis
Topological methods, global existence problems, and spacetime singularities
(Spiros Cotsakis)

This is session is about global causal structure problems, topological methods for spacetime structure and evolution, global existence and stability problems, nature and classification of singularities, general theory of black holes, character of singularities in geometric extensions of GR and string theories.
EU3



Stefano Ansoldi
The Early Universe
(Stefano Ansoldi)

This parallel session focus is on theoretical (both, analytic and computational) results that advance our understanding of the physics of the early universe. Contributions are welcome on a wide range of topics including, but not limited to, inflation (related open problems, models and predictions), alternatives to inflation and their viability (in, both, general relativity and/or modified gravity theories), quantum fields (theory and phenomenology) on cosmological backgrounds, and, in general, technical and conceptual proposals that address open fundamental issues in the physics of the early universe. This session aims to be complementary to AT1, BS1, and the CM1-4 sessions on the cosmic microwave background and the lambda cold dark matter models.
FS1



Giampaolo Bellini
Why and how the Sun and the Stars shine: the Borexino experiment
(Giampaolo Bellini)

The Borexino experiment, thanks to the unprecedented radiopurity of the detector, never reached even now by any other experiment, succeeded to measure all solar neutrinos fluxes, which are emitted by five nuclear reactions of the pp cycle, which produces 99% the whole solar energy, and from the CNO cycle, responsible for 1% of it. The existence of these cycles had already been hypothesized since 1937 by Hans Bethe and Carl Friedrich von Weizsacker: the pp cycle, which leads to the production of 4He, is dominant in stars having a size like or smaller than the Sun, while the CNO cycle, catalyzed by 12C, 14N and 16O nuclides, dominates in massive stars, with a mass greater at least 30% more that the solar one. The solar neutrinos flux has been globally measured by radiochemical experiments, without distinguishing among the contributions of the various nuclear reactions, while the experiments with Cherenkov light studied only a tail of the 8B reaction corresponding to 0.1% of the total flux; on the other hand, the CNO cycle has never received direct proof of its existence.
Due to its very high radiopurity, the Borexino experiment was able to measure separately the fluxes of the pp five reactions that emit neutrinos, attesting their identification, and reached the first experimental evidence of the CNO cycle existence. In this Session, these results will be discussed together with the upgrading of neutrino oscillation physics as a consequence of the measurements described above; in addition what discovered so far on geo-neutrinos has been presented.
FS2



Georges Meynet
Rotation in stellar evolution
(Georges Meynet)

Rotation has become in the last decades a central topic in stellar physics. This is due to many reasons, the main ones being the fact that rotation can trigger many instabilities in stellar interiors driving transport of chemical species and angular momentum, deeply impacting the evolution of stars, their final fate and the nature and properties of their remnants (white dwarfs, neutron stars or black holes). At present, hello- and asteroseismology provide direct views on how our Sun, but also low-mass stars as subgiants and red giantes rotate internally offering thus very strong constraints on these transport processes. This session will discuss the most recent constraints coming from asteroseismology, the confrontation of diverse models aiming to account for them, and the consequences of these theories for the spin of the stellar remnants.
GB1



Duncan Lorimer


Victoria Kaspi


Bing Zhang
What can we learn from a growing sample of Fast Radio Bursts?
(Duncan Lorimer - Victoria Kaspi - Bing Zhang)

This parallel sessions will cover Fast Radio Bursts (FRBs), a recently identified cosmic phenomenon consisting of few-millisecond radio bursts arriving from far outside the Milky Way, even from cosmological distances. The origins of FRBs are currently unknown. These two parallel sessions will cover the current observational status of FRBs, including results of recent and ongoing FRB surveys, current theoretical models of FRBs, as well as observational multi-wavelength follow-up of FRBs currently underway with the goal of constraining FRB models and exploiting FRBs as novel cosmic probes.
GB2



Lorenzo Amati


Massimo Della Valle


Michele Moresco
Non Standard Cosmological Probes
(Lorenzo Amati - Massimo Della Valle - Michele Moresco)
GB3



Gregory Vereshchagin


Damien Begue
Photospheric emission in GRBs
(Gregory Vereshchagin - Damien Begue)

Time resolved spectra of many gamma-ray bursts present signatures of evolving thermal component in keV band, either in the prompt emission or in the early afterglow. In some bursts this component is dominant with respect to the non-thermal one, in others it is less pronounced. Such thermal component is associated with the photosphere of highly relativistic outflows launched by the central engine. In our session we will discuss basic radiation mechanisms producing observed spectra and light curves of gamma-ray bursts and their respective roles. Special attention will be given to theoretical and observational results aiming at discrimination between these mechanisms, in particular synchrotron and photospheric emission.
GB4



Francesco Longo


Fabian Schüssler
High and Very High Energy emission from Gamma Ray Bursts
(Francesco Longo - Fabian Schüssler)

GeV and TeV observations of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) gamma-ray and ground based telescopes over the past decade have opened a new era in the study of GRBs. This session will discuss recent observations of GRBs at GeV and TeV energies and their relation to the prompt < ~ MeV emission and the long-lived afterglow emission. The theoretical implications of these observations will be also discussed, which range from the progenitor nature to the prompt GRB emission mechanism and outflow Lorentz factor and composition, through the GRB jet launching and acceleration mechanism, to particle acceleration in collisionless shocks or magnetic reconnection, constraints on Lorentz invariance violation and the Extragalactic Background light. The session will also discuss the prospects of GRB detection by the future MeV to TeV telescopes.
GB5



Jonathan Granot


Paz Beniamini
Electromagnetic counterparts of compact binary mergers
(Jonathan Granot - Paz Beniamini)

Electromagnetic (EM) counterparts of merging compact binaries containing neutron stars (two neutron stars or a neutron star and a black hole) can arise from different components of the merger ejecta. Examples include the prompt gamma-ray signal associated with emission from the relativistic jet or cocoon, the multi-wavelength afterglow associated with the interaction of the jet with the surrounding medium, the kilonova resulting from the r-process heated ejecta and the kilonova afterglow arising from the interaction of the latter ejecta with its environment. The first detection of a gravitational wave signal from a binary neutron star merger, GW 170817, has vividly confirmed three of these predicted EM counterparts, as its violent burst of gravitational waves was accompanied by the short GRB 170817A, a spectacular kilonova and a long-lived afterglow. This triple association has already significantly boosted our understanding of each of those components individually and helps us construct a more comprehensive picture of compact binary mergers in an astrophysical context. Furthermore, it has even enabled us to put significant constraints on topics of broad interest in physics from the neutron star equation of state to the expansion rate of the Universe. It is an exceptional demonstration of the power of multi-messenger astrophysics. Future compact binary mergers detected in gravitational waves and / or EM counterparts and further observations of the (still detectable) EM counterparts of GW 170817, therefore hold great promise to boost our understanding further. This session aims to explore the lessons learned from the observed counterparts and to prepare the community for future detections.
GB6



Binbin Zhang
Unusual and New Types of Gamma-ray Bursts
(Binbin Zhang)

This session focuses on GRBs with unusual temporal, spectral, and multi-messenger properties, as well as new types of GRBs with new physical origins (such as Giant Flare GRBs).
GB7



Maria Giovanna Dainotti


Liang Li
Multiwavelength Observations of afterglow emission of Gamma-ray bursts
(Maria Giovanna Dainotti - Liang Li)

GW1



Andrew Melatos
Sources of Gravitational Waves
(Andrew Melatos)

The main aims of the session are: (1) to review recent progress in source modelling; (2) to discuss how GW detections can help solve problems in astrophysics and cosmology, e.g. binary star evolution; and (3) to explore ways in which GW signals can be combined with source models to answer fundamental questions in physics that cannot be probed easily in terrestrial laboratories, e.g. neutrino transport in ultradense environments, nuclear equation of state, origin of superstrong magnetic fields, et cetera.
GW2



Wei-Tou Ni
Mid-frequency Gravitational Waves (0.1-10 Hz): Sources and Detection Methods
(Wei-Tou Ni)

The mid-frequency GW band (0.1-10 Hz) between LIGO-Virgo-KAGRA detection band and LISA-TAIJI detection band is rich in GW sources. In addition to the intermediate BH (Black Hole) Binary coalescence (recently an event is detected by LIGO-Virgo collaboration), the inspiral phase of stellar-mass coalescence and GWs from compact binaries falling into intermediate BHs, it also enable us to study the compact object population, to test general relativity and beyond-the Standard-Model theories, to explore the stochastic GW background and so on. In addition to DECIGO and BBO, the detection proposals under study includes AEDGE, AIGSO, AION, AMIGO, ELGAR, INO, MAGIS, MIGA, SOGRO, TOBA, ZAIGA, etc. Great advances have accumulated since MG15. We solicit progress papers for this parallel session.
GW3



Philippe Jetzer
Planning Gravitational Wave detections form LISA
(Philippe Jetzer)

LISA is a large ESA mission with an important NASA contribution. It is scheduled to be launced in 2034. The scope of LISA is to detect and study low-frequency gravitational waves (GW) from about 0.1 mHz to 1 Hz, and thus to complement ground-based GW observatories. LISA will allow to detect supermassive black holes (typically of 10^6 - 10^7 solar masses) merging at cosmological distances. Mergers of a supermassive black hole with another compact object (EMRI) produce a very clean GW signal which LISA will be able to measure with high precision. Another class of objects are ultra-compact binaries, in particular of white dwarfs in our Galaxy, since they are important sources of GW in the mHz frequency range. Moreover, it will be possible to detect or put strong constraints on the primordial gravitational wave background, which is just, as the cosmic microwave background, a leftover from the Big Bang. The aim of this parallel session is to discuss various aspects of the physics and astrophysics related to the above mentioned objects observable with LISA as well as issues related to the LISA data analysis.
GW4



Nigel Bishop
Numerical Relativity and Gravitational Wave Observations
(Nigel Bishop)

The session is open for talks on all aspects of computation related to the calculation of gravitational waves that are potentially observable. This includes the development and applications of codes, as well as the development of relevant mathematical theory or computational methods.
GW5Advanced Data-Analysis Techniques for Gravitational-Wave Detection
HE1



Razmik Mirzoyan


Alessandro De Angelis
Very High Energy Gamma Rays
(Razmik Mirzoyan - Alessandro De Angelis)

HE2



Antonio Capone
High Energy Astrophysical Neutrino detection
(Antonio Capone)

After the IceCube discovery of a flux of High Energy Neutrinos in excess of the atmospheric component, the search for galactic and extragalactic neutrino sources is one of the major goals of High Energy astroparticle Physics. Neutrinos, being neutral and only weakly interacting, can travel intergalactic distances without being deflected by magnetic fields and/or being affected by interactions with matter: they are a perfect tool for astronomy. Neutrinos are one of the messengers (as H.E. charged C.R., electromagnetic signals, G.W.) that can allow to identify these sources. A multi-messenger identification of astrophysical sources will not only provide a solid evidence of the discovery, it will allow to better understand its nature and its internal dynamics. Within this parallel session the experimental efforts going on at present for the HE Astrophysical neutrino detection as well as the models for the emission of Astrophysical neutrinos will be discussed. HE Astrophysical Neutrino detection will be discussed in the contest of a multi-messenger astrophysics.
HE3



Filippo Frontera


Shaolin Xiong
Future missions for high-energy astrophysics
(Filippo Frontera - Shaolin Xiong)

The session will be devoted to overview open issues in high energy astrophysics and the ongoing experimental activities to settle them. Thus, in addition to the open issues, the session will deal with an overview of the X-/gamma-ray instruments or mission concepts now under study, submitted or intended to be submitted to national or international space agencies, missions already approved or on the way for their evaluation by national or international space agencies.
HE4



Andrea Merloni
The SRG Mission: First Results from eROSITA and ART-XC
(Andrea Merloni)

The next generation of wide-area, sensitive X-ray surveys designed to map the hot and energetic Universe has arrived, thanks to eROSITA (extended ROentgen Survey with an Imaging Telescope Array) and ART-XC (Astronomical Roentgen Telescope - X-ray Concentrator) the two instruments on the Russian-German Spektrum-Roentgen-Gamma (SRG) mission. eROSITA high sensitivity, large field of view, high spatial resolution and survey efficiency is bound to revolutionize X-ray astronomy and deliver large legacy samples for many classes of astronomical objects in the energy range 0.2-8 keV, while ART-Xc will offer a new insight into the Hard-X-ray sky at energies 4-30 keV. During this session we will present an overview of the instruments capabilities, the current status of the mission, a few selected early science results and the expectations for the survey program, which has completed last December the second of its eight planned charts of the whole sky.
HE5



Marco Feroci


Fangjun Lu
Perspectives of XTP
(Marco Feroci - Fangjun Lu)

HE6The need for a new Space mission in the GeV radiation
HR1



Costantino Sigismondi
The "fall and rise" of Betelgeuse
(Costantino Sigismondi)

In October 2019 the luminosity of the red supergiant Betelgeuse started its descent to a particularly deep minimum in February 2020, rather predictable in time, but not in magnitude, which actually made rare the event. This condition, especially for semiregular variable stars, but also and even more for Mira-type stars, is not unique. The case of Betelgeuse raised many original works from various groups of researchers, either observational either theoretical. In this meeting session, occurring one primary oscillating period of Betelgeuse after that minimum, are strongly encouraged the presentations of works on Betelgeuse, on its variability, on its deep 2020 minimum, on supergiant stars similar to Betelgeuse, on time series analysis in stellar astrophysics, on observational aspects of stellar variability, on the pre-supernova stages.
HR2



Luis Crispino


Daniel J. Kennefick
History of Relativity and Cosmology
(Luis Crispino - Daniel J. Kennefick)

NS1



Alessandro Drago


Jorge Rueda
Dense matter in compact stars
(Alessandro Drago - Jorge Rueda)

This session is devoted to reporting advances in the theoretical understanding of microphysics (equation of state, particle composition, etc) and macrophysical structure of high-dense compact stars such as neutron stars, hybrid stars, and quark stars. In recent years, multimessenger observations of these compact stars in binaries as well as isolated, e.g. in the X-rays (e.g. NICER, HXMT, XMM-Newton, Chandra, Swift), gamma-rays (e.g. Fermi), and radio facilities, together with synergic analyses of gravitational waves, neutrinos, and dark matter have given rise to new observational windows and constraints on compact stars' structure on which this session welcomes discussions, including perspectives from forthcoming experimental facilities.
NS2



Cesar Augusto Zen Vasconcellos
Compact stars as laboratories for testing strong gravity
(Cesar Augusto Zen Vasconcellos)

There are reasons to believe the 21st century will be the best ever for astrophysics: the James Webb Space Telescope will extend nearly twenty times the present observational limit of visible light; neutrino massiveness opens a new window for exploration on dark energy and dark matter physics and is expected to provide insights into the fate of the Universe; the Higgs boson may allow for an understanding of the weakness of gravity; gravitational waves produced at the birth of the Universe and by compact stellar objects (supermassive black holes, black hole/neutron star mergers, gamma-ray bursts, white dwarf inspirals) have unveiled a new area of astronomy. Framed by this background, compact stars represent an unique astrophysical laboratories for probing the fabric of space-time and the building blocks of matter and their interactions at physical regimes not attainable in terrestrial laboratories. The strong gravitational fields of compact stars - black holes, pulsars, neutron, and exotic stars - provide this way an unique test ground for strong gravity and modified theories of gravity and can offer restrictions for extended theories of general relativity. The aim of this session is to bring together researchers from cosmology, particle physics, nuclear theory and astrophysics, working on these topics from different but complementary viewpoints.
NS3



Andrea Possenti
Pulsar power in physics and astrophysics
(Andrea Possenti)

Thanks to the clock-like nature of their pulsed emission, it is well known that some radio pulsars can provide an accurate and very precise determination of their positional, kinematic, rotational and (when applicable) orbital parameters, as well as indications on the properties of their space-time environment. That in turn paved the way to the use of the pulsars as unique tools for a variety of experiments in fundamental physics and astrophysics.
The decades-long monitoring of the best systems, the new methodologies for the data analysis, the uninterrupted series of discoveries of new intriguing binary pulsar systems, coupled with the advent of a new generation of instruments, alike the Meerkat telescope in South Africa or FAST in China, are now allowing pulsar science to address new key astrophysical questions and to perform unprecedented tests of fundamental theories. This session will host the presentation of the most significant recent results of pulsar timing, as well as shedding light on the exciting immediate perspectives opened by the new radio telescopes and the transformational developments provided by the future Square Kilometer Array (SKA).
NS4



Yuri Kovalev


Michael Johnson
Radio astronomy from space
(Yuri Kovalev - Michael Johnson)

NS5



Pak-Hin Tam
Pulsars and pulsar systems at high energies
(Pak-Hin Tam)

Pulsars and pulsar systems are efficient particle accelerators. Young pulsars and millisecond pulsars accelerate particles to relativistic speeds in their magnetosphere, emitting gamma-rays seen by the Fermi Gamma-ray Space Telescope. At larger length scales, pulsar wind particles are re-accelerated at the termination shock, generating pulsar wind nebulae in radio, X-rays, up to gamma-ray energies. Recently, a group of middle-aged pulsars, notably Geminga, are seen to be surrounded by an even larger structure -- TeV halo, discovered by the HAWC detector. Understanding how particles are transported from the pulsar to TeV halo scales (i.e., from 10 km to 10 parsec) is an important question in pulsar physics and can have implications to cosmic-ray physics. In this session, related topics will be discussed in the context of both observational and theoretical aspects.
PT1



Volker Perlick


Oleg Tsupko
Gravitational lensing and shadows
(Volker Perlick - Oleg Tsupko)

This session is devoted to gravitational lensing and shadows. Emphasis is expected to be on analytical and numerical studies. In particular, we will discuss the shadows of black holes and other compact objects, higher-order images produced by lensing and the influence of a plasma on lensing effects. Talks on other aspects of light propagation in gravitational fields are welcome as well.
PT2



Angela Di Virgilio


Claus Laemmerzahl
Experimental Gravitation
(Angela Di Virgilio - Claus Laemmerzahl)

In the session "Experimental Gravitation" we cover all laboratory experiments testing gravity and the structure of space-time using classical matter, light, and quantum matter. The latter includes atomic clocks, matter wave interferometry, entangled states, etc. We are first dealing with experiments exploring the structure of space-time as it is encoded in the Einstein Equivalence Principle (EEP). This includes tests of the Universality of Free Fall, the Universality of the Gravitational Redshift, and Local Lorentz Invariance, in the classical as well as in the quantum domain. These tests determine the space-time geometry. The next group of tests will explore the field equation of gravity which in most cases is encoded in the PPN formalism; more general formalisms like Finsler geometry, Doubly Special Relativity, etc. also need to be included. The third group of tests deals with testing the predictions of GR. This also will include applications like geodesy, positioning and metrology.
PT3



Victor Flambaum


Yevgeny Stadnik
Variation of the fundamental constants, tests of the fundamental symmetries and probes of the dark sector
(Victor Flambaum - Yevgeny Stadnik)

This session is devoted to recent developments in the investigation of and high-precision searches for variations of the fundamental constants of nature and tests of the fundamental symmetries of nature, including application to searches for ultra-low-mass dark matter and related dark components, as well as dark forces.
PT4



Meike List


Hauke Müntinga
Fundamental physics in Space
(Meike List - Hauke Müntinga)

Over the last years fundamental physics became an important field of space science. At the moment there are many fundamental physics space mission under way. More and more missions (i) focusing on proving e.g. General Relativity Theory like MICROSCOPE and LISA (ii) using Gravity for Earth observation like GRACE and GRACE-FO, or (iii) setting up platforms using cold atoms for fundamental physics experiments in space, are already in orbit or in preparation to be launched within the next years. In this session we will focus on present missions, their status and scientific results, as well as on new mission concepts and newly developed space technologies.
PT5



Oldrich Semerak
Dragging is never draggy: MAss and CHarge flows in GR
(Oldrich Semerak)

To spin or not to spin? That is not the only question. In GR, inertia of a body is affected by every other mass-energy present in space-time, whether in sources or in geometry. Thus even "to be" is partially relative. Already before completing his theory, Einstein knew that a particle is heavier if inside a massive shell, and that it becomes dragged along if the shell starts to accelerate. Dragging is still not draggy almost 110 years later: it involves the magnetic component of the field, apparently more imaginative than the electric one, and it very probably drives some of the most exciting phenomena in the Universe, such as jets exhausted from accreting black holes. In this session, we shall be tasting some recent results in the field.
QG1



Marcin Kisielowski


Jerzy Lewandowski
Loop Quantum Gravity
(Marcin Kisielowski - Jerzy Lewandowski)

QG2



Giovanni Amelino-Camelia


Jerzy Kowalski-Glikman
Quantum Gravity Phenomenology
(Giovanni Amelino-Camelia - Jerzy Kowalski-Glikman)

This session will be devoted to discussion of phenomenological models aimed at probing and possibly leading to detection of various phenomena of quantum gravity origin. Such models are particularly timely now, at the down of the multi-messenger astronomy, which give us an access to new observations, possibly capable of detecting Planck-scale effects. The aim of the session will be to present recent developments in both theoretical investigations and current and near-future observational opportunities.
QG3



Jorge Pullin


Parampreet Singh
Loop quantum gravity: cosmology and black holes
(Jorge Pullin - Parampreet Singh)

Non-perturbative quantum gravity effects as understood from loop quantum gravity and related approaches play an important role in resolution of singularities of cosmological and black hole spacetimes, and leave potential signatures in the physics of early universe and black hole spacetimes. The goal of this session would be to highlight state of the art of various developments in this field with talks focused on physical implications.
SF1



Ehsan Bavarsad


Sang Pyo Kim


She-Sheng Xue
Strong Electromagnetic and Gravitational Field Physics: From Laboratories to Early Universe
(Ehsan Bavarsad - Sang Pyo Kim - She-Sheng Xue)

Strong electromagnetic and gravitational fields play important roles in physics, particularly in astrophysics and cosmology. Strong electromagnetic and gravitational fields are two of the most important ingredients of the compact objects and the early universe. This session is dedicated to all theoretical aspects of high field and/or energetic phenomena due to strong electromagnetic fields and/or gravity in Earth-based laboratories as well as astrophysics and cosmology, such as Schwinger pair creation in Minkowski spacetime and curved spacetimes, Gibbons-Hawking radiation, backreaction effects, magnetogenesis, charged particle acceleration, vacuum polarization, and nonlinearity of strong electromagnetic fields. It is also dedicated to experimental and theoretical aspects of laboratory astrophysics and astrophysical observations related to strong field physics, such as intense lasers plasma acceleration, plasma interaction with strong electromagnetic fields, radiation from accelerating charges, observation of birefringence in neutron stars, simulation of strong gravity effects etc.
WD1



Robert Fisher


María Pilar Ruiz Lapuente
White dwarf explosions
(Robert Fisher - María Pilar Ruiz Lapuente)

Type Ia supernovae play a crucial role as standardizable candles for cosmology, and underpin measurements of both dark energy and the Hubble tension. Yet, the nature of the stellar progenitors and explosion mechanisms for type Ia supernovae remains an area of active research. This session will bring together members of the supernova cosmology community along with observers and theorists investigating the type Ia stellar progenitor problem and explosion mechanisms, and aims to achieve dialog on problems of interest linking both groups.
Particular areas of focus for the session include:
* Type Ia stellar progenitors and explosion mechanisms
* Multidimensional type Ia simulations
* Photometric and spectroscopic discriminants of type Ia progenitors, particularly at early and late times
* Evolutionary effects on SNe Ia supernova cosmology and their impact on dark energy measurements
* The absolute brightness of normal SNe Ia; the link of absolute brightness and the distance scale; views on the Hubble constant tension.
WD2



Manuel Malheiro


Jaziel Goulart Coelho
White Dwarfs, Magnetic Compact Stars, and nuclear astrophysics
(Manuel Malheiro - Jaziel Goulart Coelho)

Theoretical and observational progress in White Dwarfs (WD), considering their constitution and recent observation of very Fast and massive WD, as well the importance and possible identification of strong magnetic fields in Compact Stars together with the relevance of nuclear processes to explain the stability of these sources and even explosive events as bursts, FRBs are the main topics of this parallel session.